Research unit Inégalités sociales, diversité et institutions scolaires, University of Teacher Education Fribourg
The research unit Social Inequality, Diversity and Scholastic Institutions develops projects that investigate the role played by schools (both as social actors and institutions) in producing and reproducing social inequality. In particular, the unit conducts research on aspects of diversity – including gender, disability, language or religion – which lead to forms of marginalisation. The research adopts a sociological approach to education in order to describe, understand and explain the processes leading to the inclusion or exclusion of certain students. The research also strives to bring to light the ideologies underlying scholastic practices (both teaching and institutional practices) as well as their role in constructing categories which create social inequality. Finally, the research analyses school systems from both a historical and a structural point of view. Emphasis on processes presupposes a qualitative and, above all, ethnographic-methodological approach; other methods, when relevant, are also taken into consideration. The selected approach necessitates fieldwork. Analysis of the observed social processes aims at defining, proposing and evaluating classroom activities, with the overall objective of establishing a critical pedagogy of diversity.